Producer Fatubessi Forest Gardens
Altitude 1400-1700 masl
Varietals: Typica & Timor
This delicious Ermera lot is a selection of Typica and Timor varieties, handpicked by some 160 women and men.
Like all Timor-Leste coffees, it is shade-grown and farmed organically by tradition Fully washed, sun-dried
and further hand-sorted to deliver a sweet, clean cup.
Dark Chocolate Almond Nougat Molasses Plum sweet full bodied cup
In the 1920s on the island of Timor, a spontaneous mating of an ArabicaÂ and a Robusta plant was discovered in the forest gardens of Ermera district in the eastern highlands. Observations showed this new variety had the hardiness and high yields of its Robusta parentage, whilst exhibiting refined cup qualities owing to its Arabica make-up. Decades of study and development saw the â€˜Hybrid of Timorâ€™ go on to be cross-bred with Caturra to create Catimor varieties by 1967 – just in time to be introduced across theÂ Americas and save those powerhouse coffee lands from being decimated by Coffee Leaf Rust (which straight Caturra is highly vulnerable to).
Meanwhile, for the promising coffee island, the Portuguese colonisation of the East was replaced in 1976 by Indonesian annexation with the West. Civil unrest became perpetual, a century-old coffee industry shrivelled up and infrastructures collapsed making exports untenable. Independence was recognised in 2002, making Timor Leste the first new state of the 21st century. The coffee sector made a sharp turnaround thanks largely to foreign investment responding to the countryâ€™s obviously great natural potential. Today, coffee is the countryâ€™s only cash crop, grown by about a third of all households and accounting for over 80% of total exports.
Unable to compete on the world stage for quantity, all efforts are poured into increasing quality potential by way of training programs, improved infrastructure and land rehabilitation, realising far higher income to farmers. Most recently, innovative processing techniques are being well executed and turning specialty heads. With inspiring younger generationsÂ engaging proudly with their unique history and caring coffee culture, momentum towards exciting new profiles are sure to be realised in the near future.